|The Plan - Dr. William Pierce - PowerStructure|
Jews generally call The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion "a forgery." It was written by a Russian professor named Nilus. He was an astute observer of the Jews and also a patriot. He wanted to warn the Russian people of what the Jews were planning to do to them. Dr. Pierce imagines what Professor Nilus would say if he were writing on the same subject today.
Keywords: conspiracy fact; power structure; world control
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|ERIC ED361633: Credibility and Perceived Power Ratings. - ERIC|
French and Raven (1959) proposed five bases of social power: referent, expert, legitimate, reward, and coercive power. Other power bases, such as information control and ecological control, have also been proposed. Another factor which might be considered a power base is the credibility of a source. A 2 x 3 factorial design was used to manipulate the level of power and the credibility of an actor. Vignettes were created in which a manager had either high or low reward and coercive power...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrators; Credibility; Employees; Higher Education; Power Structure; Social Control; Social Influences; Undergraduate Students
|ERIC ED360639: Collaboration: Mutual Empowerment/Silencing? Or Both? - ERIC|
A dialogue between two writing collaborators reveals the act of collaboration as "empowering, liberating, exhilarating, and almost magical." Community-oriented theories of empowerment suggest collaboration can also be about reclaiming political and personal determinacy because working in pairs or groups can enable writers to encourage each other toward greater freedom of expression as they realign "authority" from external and institutional to internal and personal voices...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Collaborative Writing; Group Activities; Higher Education; Language Attitudes; Personal Narratives; Power Structure
|ERIC ED258970: The Irony of Professionalization. - ERIC|
Professionalization has been a recurring theme among educators since the nineteenth century. This paper explores the historical origins and development of the concept and processes of professionalization, both in general and applied to the occupation of teaching. The author argues that professionalization, viewed in its historical and cultural context, presents an inherent contradiction. While the rhetoric of professionalization holds a promise of enhanced autonomy and control for members of an ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Decision Making; Personal Autonomy; Power Structure; Professional Recognition; Teacher Stereotypes; Teaching (Occupation)
|ERIC ED279921: Power and the Counseling Relationship. - ERIC|
Machell's Theory of Power was developed to provide students in organizational theory two formulas of relationships to apply to organizational situations and organizational power. Formula 1 indicates that the level of power of person A is determined by the level of dependency that person B has on person A; and that person A's power can be substantiated or changed by the use of Formula 2. In Formula 2, person A uses a stressor stimulus to illicit fear in person B, which fosters a realization of th...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Counselor Client Relationship; Counselor Role; Interpersonal Relationship; Organizational Theories; Power Structure; Psychological Patterns
|ERIC ED275634: The Ideological Basis of Teacher Organization or Why We Do What We Do. - ERIC|
An attempt to explain the behavior of local, state and national teacher organizations by reference to the ideological basis for their activities, this paper links professionalism and excellence to previous organizational activity and demonstrates their continuity. Significant topics include the professionalization of teaching amid societal attempts to deprofessionalize other professions, such as medicine and law, in response to corporate pressure; residual effects of Puritanism; and the feminiza...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Ideology; Political Attitudes; Power Structure; Professional Autonomy; Sex Bias; Social History; Teacher Associations; Unions
|ERIC ED289107: A Critique of the Concept of "Contingency Power." - ERIC|
Most theory and research on power and social influence in counseling and psychotherapy has focused on the power base and power outcome domains of Olson's (1972) framework which viewed power as a generic concept consisting of the three domains of power base, power process, and power outcome. Statistical approaches to the study of power, influence, and dominance have been developed which fall under the heading of sequential analysis...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Counseling Theories; Counselor Client Relationship; Power Structure; Social Control
|ERIC ED295198: Professionalism as an Organizational Concept. - ERIC|
Although professionalism has been an important concept to American journalists for over a century, no consensus exists regarding what concepts like profession, professionalism, and professionalization mean. Three basic traditions have dominated the sociological literature on professionalism: (1) the phenomenological approach, which advocates studying the way ordinary members of an occupation invoke the term in everyday usage; (2) the power approach, which addresses professionalization issues as ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Journalism; Models; Organizational Climate; Organizational Theories; Power Structure; Professional Occupations
|ERIC ED329885: Violence as a Strategy of the Weak against the Strong: The Case of Siblings. - ERIC|
This paper considers the case of violence between siblings in the family, and describes findings based on a U.S. national sample that show the relatively frequent use of violence by weaker siblings against more powerful siblings. Analysis and theoretical discussion shows that even though strong actors have greater means for using violence, and weak actors are more likely to suffer from the use of violence than strong actors, the motive and opportunity structure of relatively powerless social act...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Family Relationship; Power Structure; Predictor Variables; Sibling Relationship; Siblings; Violence
|ERIC ED314942: Critical Linguistics: A Starting Point for Oppositional Reading. - ERIC|
This document focuses on specific linguistic features that serve ideological functions in texts written in South Africa from 1985 to 1988. The features examined include: naming; metaphors; old words with new meanings; words becoming tainted; renaming or lexicalization; overlexicalization; strategies for resisting classification; tense and aspect; modality; voide; ambiguity; negation; indirect speech, free indirect speech, and direct speech; sequence; logical organization of a text; and turn-taki...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Discourse Analysis; Foreign Countries; Language Role; Power Structure; Social Values; Structural Analysis (Linguistics)
|ERIC ED301038: Who's in Charge Here? Cooperative Work and Authority Negotiation in Police Helicopter Missions. - ERIC|
A study of collaboration and the ongoing negotiation of authority in police helicopter work focused on inflight communication in one helicopter during two weeks of operation. Data were drawn from audio and video recordings of internal and external communications obtained inflight and from observation and physiological indicators of stress and workload. The factors observed included the official relationship of the crew members, the physical organization of the task and setting, the organization ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Aircraft Pilots; Cooperation; Discourse Analysis; Interpersonal Communication; Police; Power Structure; Stress Variables; Work Environment
|ERIC ED301804: Conflict in Families of Adolescents: The Impact on Cohesion and Power Structures. - ERIC|
Family-related conflict has been a central focus of theory as well as research on adolescent development, both with respect to the characteristics of nature of conflict and the influence it has on adaptational outcomes. Conflict in families of adolescents was studied by examining three characteristics of family conflict (locus, content, and frequency) and changes in family cohesion and power in response to conflict...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescents; Conflict; Family Problems; Marital Instability; Parent Child Relationship; Power Structure
|ERIC ED311521: Feminist Materialism: The Challenge to Diaglogically-Based Theories of Democracy. - ERIC|
This paper brings together ideas from feminist epistemology and critical theory to initiate a conversation on repressed or distorted communication. It argues that current feminist epistemological studies of women's ways of knowing, making sense, and solving problems can and should inform attempts to empower democratic dialogues and restructure the public sphere. The paper makes this argument by examining some feminist deconstructions of the gendered silences cultivated by androcentric theories o...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Democracy; Discourse Analysis; Feminism; Language Role; Models; Power Structure; Womens Studies
|ERIC ED245621: Organization and Environment: A Theory of Resource Allocations for Higher Education. ASHE 1984 Annual Meeting Paper. - ERIC|
Information concerning a theory about allocation of resources among units at colleges is presented. This information, which is primarily in tabular and graphical form, is based on a report of the special conference topic panel entitled "Clues for Leaders of Universities from Environmental Studies: Applying Theory and Research to Administrative Practice." The theory is based on qualitative interview responses from central administrators at six varied colleges and universities plus quantitative an...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Budgeting; College Administration; Higher Education; Power Structure; Resource Allocation; Theories; Unit Costs
|ERIC ED243302: Influence, Effectiveness and Language Policy: A Political Action Workshop. - ERIC|
A model is provided for a political action workshop to educate individuals in the political process and productive participation. The workshop begins with a quiz designed to make the participant recognize the inadequacy of his political involvement and of political involvement in the country in general. A segment on the legislative and policy process includes an outline of the development of a piece of legislation, discussion of the political nature of the process, study of the budget process, a...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Activism; Educational Policy; Legislation; Networks; Politics; Power Structure; Public Policy; Second Language Instruction
|ERIC ED232547: Power and Peripherality: The Allocation of Scarce Resources in Colleges and Universities. ASHE 1983 Annual Meeting Paper. - ERIC|
A practical, research-based theory about how colleges and universities allocate resources among budgetary units is proposed. The theory was developed from interview responses at six institutions as well as questionnaire results. In phase one, interviews were conducted with 26 key administrators centrally involved in budgetary decisions at the six institutions. A second study phase concentrated on 74 budgetary units within three of the institutions...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Budgeting; College Administration; Decision Making; Departments; Higher Education; Organizational Theories; Power Structure; Resource Allocation
|ERIC ED297386: The Many Faces of Power, Ideology and Culture: In Search of a More Interpretative Communication Research. - ERIC|
By focusing on concepts of power, culture, and ideology in light of new socio-cultural and anthropological interpretations with regard to their use in international, intercultural, and cross-cultural communication research, an outline for the framework of a more hermeneutic-interpretive approach to the study of communication and socio-cultural change can be developed. Culture is not only a visible, non-natural environment of individual and organized subjects, but also and primarily his, her, or ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Cultural Context; Ideology; Intercultural Communication; Power Structure; Research Design; Social Theories
|ERIC ED369724: Researching Pedagogy: A Transformative, Feminist Perspective. - ERIC|
Evolving from experiences in a graduate seminar that led to new understandings of feminist pedagogy, this theory of feminist pedagogy in action rests on four phenomena that are each necessary but none sufficient. After describing the creation of a learning community as well as a search of educative research, a delineation of the four phenomena is outlined. Feminist pedagogy occurs at the juncture of: (1) a reinventing of power relationships that emancipate teachers, learners, and the subject inv...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Consciousness Raising; Feminism; Moral Values; Organizational Development; Power Structure; Seminars; Sex Role; Social Structure
|ERIC ED353843: Where True Power Lies: Modality as an Indication of Power in Two Institutionalised Domains of Language Use. - ERIC|
This paper considers the language patterning in two situations, the student-staff meeting and student resolutions, with special reference to how the use of modal items in directives can serve as a guide to the balance of power in student-staff interactions. (Contains 10 references.) (Author)
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Discourse Analysis; Foreign Countries; Higher Education; Interaction; Power Structure; Speech Acts; Teacher Student Relationship
|ERIC ED376477: Not Including Us: Discourse Communities and the Interference of Leadership. - ERIC|
An illustrative story of a graduate student serves to show that as the literate discourse community lives out the tension between those who initiate shared power and those who maintain traditional standards, discourse communities can include or exclude others by using the power of leadership. Discourse communities act through professional meetings, scholarly journals, and the normal actions of departmental life...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Discourse Communities; Higher Education; Interpersonal Relationship; Interprofessional Relationship; Leadership; Organizational Climate; Power Structure
|ERIC ED362034: Of Manpower and Words: A Study of Linguistic Markers of Inclusion and Exclusion in Managerial Work in the Educational System. - ERIC|
This study aims to identify the "ideolect" of the managers in the educational system in order to gain a better understanding of the selection process in which they participate and to eliminate the systemic discrimination that occurs in this context. Following the interactional sociolinguistic perspective, the functioning of statements of speakers in power positions are studied in order to understand the influence and impact of their discourse on the immediate environment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrators; Elementary Secondary Education; Foreign Countries; Higher Education; Interviews; Language Styles; Males; Power Structure
|The Anarchist Library: Anonymous Caught in the Web of Deception Anarchists and the Media a4|
The Anarchist Library: Anonymous Caught in the Web of Deception Anarchists and the Media a4
Keywords: anarchists; media; anarchist; images; power; ideas; democratic; destruction; opinions; anarchy; property destruction; power structure; anarchist ideas
|ERIC ED219453: Evaluator as Technician versus Evaluator as Change Agent: A Continuum of Power Relationships. - ERIC|
This paper presents a classification and critique of evaluator roles, and discusses the power relationships in which the evaluator engages and the power and influence strategies available to the evaluator within each type of role. The paper describes an evaluator role continuum, from "evaluator as technician" to "evaluator as change agent." At one pole of the continuum, the evaluator is portrayed as an "illuminator" fulfilling the technical functions of information gathering and reporting for th...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Change Agents; Evaluation Methods; Evaluators; Models; Power Structure; Researchers; Role Perception; Role Theory
|ERIC ED201063: The Principal as Resource Allocator. - ERIC|
The effect of political influences on the allocation of personnel, money, facilities, and equipment by elementary school principals is discussed in this paper. The use of Zald's political economy framework as a tool for understanding the principal's role in allocating resources is described by the author. He suggests that the principal occupies a pivotal position (between the school and central office) through which resources flow...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrator Role; Elementary Education; Political Influences; Power Structure; Principals; Resource Allocation
|Alternative Views #417: POTPOURRI XII: ABORTION, POLAND, ECON. COLLAPSE, SUPPRESSED SCIENCE - Frank Morrow|
This assortment of news and special reports contains sections on abortion and birth control, the impending economic collapse as seen by insiders in the national and international power structure, a pictorial history of Poland, and two scientific discoveries which, had they not been suppressed, could have had tremendous impact on our lives. News/recorded: June 23, 1990; April, 1990; December, 1989; November, 1989 "Suppressed Science" Copyright 1989 Copyright July, 1990 ***************************...
Keywords: progressive media; alternative media; public access television; Frank Morrow; Doug Kellner; Austin Community Television; power structure
|Alternative_Views-Program_Catalog - Frank Morrow|
Catalog for all Alternative Views programs. See http://www.archive.org/details/alternative_views/
Keywords: progressive media; alternative media; public access television; Frank Morrow; Doug Kellner; Austin Community Television; power structure
|ERIC ED370188: Power and the Production of Knowledge: Collective Team Learning in Work Organizations. - ERIC|
This paper presents findings of a study that examined the relationship between the outcome of collective team learning and the extent of differences in power that team members have available to them. This successful outcome is defined as the production of new knowledge. The study examined four teams in the research and development department of a large, high-technology manufacturing company, whose jobs were to improve the production process...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cooperative Learning; Interprofessional Relationship; Learning Processes; Organizational Climate; Organizational Effectiveness; Power Structure; Productivity; Teamwork; Work Environment
|ERIC ED377502: Literacy and Community Pariticpation. Prepublication Draft. - ERIC|
Literacy experts in composition have examined the exclusionary forces of academic discourse, and have identified various forms of classroom power that result from the system of academic literacy. Little is understood about the power relations that function to relate and regulate the classroom. Largely a humanistic notion, literacy has been defined in the American university system as academic literacy, that is, instruction that values standard English usage through logical hierarchies, subordina...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Discourse; Classroom Communication; Higher Education; Literacy; Power Structure; Teacher Student Relationship; Undergraduate Students; Writing (Composition); Writing Instruction
|ERIC ED267656: The Quantitative Study of Communicational Success: Politeness and Accidents in Aviation Discourse. - ERIC|
Part of a larger research program studying communication in the cockpit, this study investigated the occurrence of mitigation, that is, the use of linguistic forms that convey propositional content without giving offense, and its relationship to aviation accidents. The data were from flight-recorder accident transcripts containing observable degradation or failure of crew coordination that was actually or potentially critical to flight completion...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Accidents; Aviation Technology; Classification; Communication (Thought Transfer); Discourse Analysis; Interpersonal Communication; Interprofessional Relationship; Power Structure; Teamwork
|ERIC ED378194: If They Don't Want To Play the Evaluation Game, Are They Empowered by Making the Rules? - ERIC|
Evaluators frequently experience the dilemma of how to empower a program staff if the staff and other stakeholders are compelled to participate in activities that they don't believe they need or believe may actually harm the program. A framework is proposed to empower program staff and other stakeholders and to reduce potential dilemmas. The framework is based on the concepts of power, resistance, reactance, and principled negotiation...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cooperation; Empowerment; Evaluation Methods; Evaluation Utilization; Evaluators; Models; Older Adults; Power Structure; Program Evaluation; Stakeholders
|ERIC ED250984: Sexual Harassment of Students at The Pennsylvania State University. - ERIC|
Sexual harassment of Penn State students by school employees was studied in 1982. The research focused on harassment by employees who had power over the student or who were in a position to affect the student's educational experience. A random sample of 515 full-time female students was asked whether university employees had ever: stared at or commented on her body in a suggestive way, or directed remarks or jokes toward her; made unwelcome requests for dates with her; requested or demanded her ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrative Policy; Aggression; College Students; Females; Higher Education; Institutional Research; Power Structure; School Personnel; Sexual Harassment; State Universities
|ERIC ED255975: Chief Executive Officer Power Message Types as a Function of Organizational Target Types. - ERIC|
To explore the specific types of power that emerge in the communication messages chief executive officers (CEOs) use when interacting with others--particularly superiors, peers, and subordinates--15 CEOs were asked to respond to three hypothetical situations. During 60-minute tape-recorded interviews, they were asked what they would say to influence other members of the organization to agree with their view...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrators; Communication Research; Interpersonal Communication; Leadership Styles; Organizational Communication; Power Structure; Situational Tests; Speech Communication
|ERIC ED257153: Communication in Quality Circles: Members' Perceptions of Their Participation and Its Effects on Related Organizational Communication Variables. - ERIC|
A survey was conducted of 102 active quality circle members drawn from five organizations to determine how quality circle participation affected communication, as perceived by members themselves. The survey consisted of two parts. The first part contained ten open-ended questions inquiring about the respondent's personal experience in quality circles. The second part of the survey consisted of the communication portion of Likert's Profile of Organizational Characteristics...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Employer Employee Relationship; Group Dynamics; Influences; Interpersonal Communication; Labor Relations; Occupational Surveys; Organizational Communication; Power Structure
|ERIC ED268893: Negotiating Politics in Organizational Cultures: Some Considerations for Effective Program Evaluation. ASHE 1986 Annual Meeting Paper. - ERIC|
Factors that influence the effectiveness of program evaluation in higher education and eight recommendations for program evaluation are considered. Currently, program evaluation is characterized by negotiation because of three powerful concepts: the nature of multiple constructions and multiple realities; the influence of power distributions throughout higher education institutions; and the role of politics...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitudes; Evaluation Problems; Higher Education; Organizational Climate; Organizational Theories; Political Influences; Power Structure; Program Evaluation; Values
|ERIC ED257806: The Structure of School: Teachers and Authority. - ERIC|
While history helps to trace the development of the American public school as a bureaucratic institution and the role of teachers within that institution, a more sociological view helps to clarify the authority relationships within the school and the teacher's role within that structure. It is the teacher's willingness to claim autonomy based solely upon the ability to make instructional decisions in a single classroom, in isolation from colleagues, that helps reinforce the bureaucratic school s...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Bureaucracy; Elementary Secondary Education; Participative Decision Making; Power Structure; Professional Autonomy; School Organization; Teacher Role; Teaching (Occupation)
|ERIC ED292860: Knowledge, Power, and Teacher Appraisal. - ERIC|
The relationship between teacher appraisal and educational research in the United Kingdom is illustrated by the personal and professional experiences of an educator. An autobiographical analysis of this relationship, in light of M. Foucault's analysis of the relationship between power and knowledge, is presented. A clear relationship between teacher training and application of that training in the classroom is lacking...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Action Research; Curriculum Development; Curriculum Research; Educational Research; Foreign Countries; Knowledge Level; Power Structure; Teacher Evaluation
|ERIC ED280404: The Organizational Ecology of Institutional Research: An Exploration of the Factors behind the Fragmentation of the Institutional Research Enterprise. AIR 1986 Annual Forum Paper. - ERIC|
Theories concerning the organizational dynamics underlying the dispersion of institutional research activities within colleges are proposed. Two theoretical arguments concern whether or not a centralized, monopolistic institutional research office will be found on a given campus: the informational legitimacy argument and the limited attention argument. Each reflects on the often unmanageable connections between information and power in organizations...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Case Studies; Centralization; College Environment; Decentralization; Higher Education; Institutional Research; Organizational Theories; Power Structure; School Organization
|ERIC ED272011: Codetermination in the Federal Republic of Germany. - ERIC|
The Federal Republic of Germany has begun an experiment in industrial democracy giving workers federally guaranteed rights and authority in industrial decision making. All workers in companies with five or more employees are entitled to elect a works council with which management must consult concerning all employment policies and conditions. All companies with over 100 employees must establish a workers finance committee, which will be given specific information on the company's economic and fi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Business Administration; Conflict Resolution; Democracy; Federal Legislation; Foreign Countries; Industry; Labor Legislation; Management Development; Politics; Power Structure; Unions
|ERIC ED378632: Deconstructing the Erected Hierarchy: Sex and Power in Organizations. - ERIC|
Two characteristics that are commonly associated with organizational behavior, power and sex, are examined. Sexual behavior within the workplace and schools is discussed as are the effects of sexual stereotypes, sexually harassing and non-harassing sexual behavior, and office romances on the organization and its members. A conclusion is that these attitudes and practices benefit neither women nor the organization, but men...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary Secondary Education; Feminism; Organizational Climate; Organizations (Groups); Power Structure; Sex Stereotypes; Sexual Harassment; Women Administrators; Work Environment
|ERIC ED325927: Empowering Communities for School Reform: The Annie E. Casey Foundation's New Futures Initiative. Final Deliverable. - ERIC|
Despite many responses to the dropout problem, it remains unclear which school strategies are successful with at-risk students. State initiatives are well intentioned, but have certain limitations. Criteria such as local accountability, school-by-school regeneration and reform, longitudinal strategies, and horizontal coordination are needed. This paper describes the Annie E. Casey Foundation's New Futures Initiative, a project drawing on these criteria to help communities assist their at-risk yo...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Programs; Cooperative Programs; Dropout Prevention; Dropout Programs; High Risk Students; Power Structure; Secondary Education; State Action
|ERIC ED335805: Beyond the Rhetoric of Restructuring. Policy Briefs Series Number Sixteen. - ERIC|
An in-depth examination of restructuring is provided in this policy brief, which shows how the meaning of "restructuring" changes according to the setting and participants involved. After a review of the current context of the restructuring movement, different types of reform efforts are described, which include restructuring of curriculum, instruction, and time; authority; provision of youth services; public financing; and student assessment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Change; Elementary Secondary Education; Organizational Change; Organizational Climate; Power Structure; School Based Management; School Organization; School Restructuring
|ERIC ED311842: Paradoxes of the Presidency. - ERIC|
The many paradoxes of the profession of the college president are discussed, with focus on whether the presidency is a profession to which a person should aspire and can prepare. Some people feel the position of presidency should only be filled by people with a love of scholarship and the intellectual life. The expectation, especially at the more prestigious institutions, is that the best candidates will be reluctant to leave their scholarship or the satisfaction of other pursuits for anything a...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrator Qualifications; Administrator Role; College Administration; College Presidents; Higher Education; Leadership Qualities; Power Structure; Professional Autonomy
|ERIC ED321723: Power: An Administrator's Guide along the Corridors of Arrogance. - ERIC|
University administrators must realize that past management styles they used to acquire their positions of campus power often become the future incarnations of their failure as administrators. The conundrum of power is that the less power a leader grants to people, the less powerful the leader becomes in the eyes of the people. Individuals have a need for power though they tend to deny the need's existence; acknowledgement of the power motive must precede any mastery of the conundrum making up t...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrator Effectiveness; Administrator Role; Administrators; College Administration; Higher Education; Individual Power; Interpersonal Relationship; Power Structure
|ERIC ED269292: Communication within the American Counterculture. - ERIC|
The nature of communication in the counterculture was investigated. The counterculture is distinguished from subculture and contraculture by its attempts to modify, change, and alter the dominant culture. A food co-op, which presented itself as being based on counterculture philosophy was studied as a representative organization within the counterculture. Field research (participant observation, interviews, and surveys) and a review of the literature were employed to study the conflict resolutio...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Burnout; Conflict Resolution; Democratic Values; Group Discussion; Groups; Interpersonal Communication; Morale; Organizational Communication; Power Structure; Social Theories
|ERIC ED374473: Power, Narrative and Democracy in Social Theory. - ERIC|
This paper conceives of a model of democracy that is tied up with narrative practices, and demonstrates how the initially democratic and radical auspices of one scholar's critique developed into a form of theory that was profoundly undemocratic in its narrative. The paper notes that the contemporary debate about power derives from a series of debates that occurred in the context of different models of democracy in the early 1960s, and that the most theoretically incisive contribution was S...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Democracy; Discourse Modes; Foreign Countries; Higher Education; Intellectual History; Marxism; Models; Political Power; Politics; Power Structure; Social Theories
|ERIC ED325976: "Facilitative" Power in Special Education and Clinical Supervision. - ERIC|
The concept of power, fundamental to understanding human interactions and institutions, remains puzzling, elusive, theoretically complex, and largely unexamined by practitioners. A school restructuring agenda that purportedly changes power relationships in schools is being proposed and tested throughout the country. Basic questions are being asked about top-down power, and terms such as "power sharing,""empowerment," and "site-based management" embody hopes and expectations for improving school ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrative Organization; Authoritarianism; Decentralization; Elementary Secondary Education; Participative Decision Making; Power Structure; School Restructuring; Theory Practice Relationship
|ERIC ED343046: Examining Some Crucial Variables in Counselor Interpersonal Power Base Preference. - ERIC|
According to Strong and Matross (1973), a counselor's main sources of influencing the client's behavior are expert, referent, and legitimate power bases. To date, the only studies examining the differential preference of counselors for interpersonal power bases have focused on preference as a function of counselor gender, counselor level of experience, and client problem. However, the literature is equivocal with respect to these results, and it is stated that the design and methodology of these...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Counselor Client Relationship; Counselor Training; Counselors; Credibility; Higher Education; Influences; Interpersonal Relationship; Power Structure; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED247613: Organizational Structure and the Consequences for Public Relations. - ERIC|
J. Hage and F. Hull (1981) developed a typology of organizations based on two major dimensions--scale and complexity. The typology delineates four types of organizations: Type 1, "traditional" organizations, typically small-scale structures with low complexity; Type 2, "mechanical" organizations that are large scale, low complexity structures employing many people; Type 3, "organic" organizations that are small scale but characterized by high complexity and small numbers of employees; and Type 4...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classification; Communication Research; Group Structure; Higher Education; Information Dissemination; Job Skills; Models; Organizational Communication; Power Structure; Public Relations
|ERIC ED245606: Organizational Systematics: Toward a Classification Scheme for Postsecondary Institutions. ASHE 1984 Annual Meeting Paper. - ERIC|
Organizational systematics were applied to a classification scheme for postsecondary institutions using a combined phyletic-phenetic approach. Nine characteristics of organizational structure were operationalized for the college setting: institutional autonomy, centralized decision making, functional specialization, effective participation, formalized procedures, and four measures of organizational configuration, including hierarchy of control and division of labor...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrative Organization; Classification; College Administration; Decision Making; Institutional Characteristics; Organizational Climate; Postsecondary Education; Power Structure; Questionnaires; School Surveys
|ERIC ED243388: Higher Education Research & Development, Volume 2, Number 2, 1983. - ERIC|
The status of women in college and employment, the attitudes of mature-age alumni, individualized instruction, unsuccessful innovations, and grading are addressed in five articles in this issue of an Australian journal. "Women in Advanced Education, Advancement for Whom?" (Jan Craney, Carol O'Donnell) cites evidence to indicate that the greater power of male groups has influenced the differing course structures and enrollment patterns faced by male and female students, as well as the lower emplo...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Students; College Graduates; Females; Foreign Countries; Grading; Higher Education; Individualized Instruction; Interdisciplinary Approach; Power Structure; Sex Discrimination